In the upcoming 2026 elections, Peru is set to return to a bicameral parliamentary system, with the unanimous approval of a referendum by the current unicameral Congress. However, this move has sparked controversy among experts and independent voices who are concerned about the motives behind this decision.
Independent voices have previously argued in favor of bicameralism as a way to improve the quality of debate and create fairer representation. However, experts have expressed their dissatisfaction with the way this step was taken, believing that it prioritizes the interests of Congress members over those of society as a whole.
The referendum was not approved in 2018, raising questions about the legitimacy of the current Congress and its actions. This move has also raised concerns about the manipulation of political power and lack of representation for citizens’ voices in this decision.
Critics argue that the current Congress lacks support and approval from the majority of citizens and therefore should not make decisions that impact long-term implications for Peru’s political system. This raises questions about democratic values and governance in Peru.
The question of bicameralism also raises broader issues about democracy and governance in Peru, including whether it is capable of delivering meaningful political reform with broader political reform and popular participation. The effectiveness of a bicameral Congress in a country with diverse politics requires significant reforms to ensure accountability, representation, and transparency.
In conclusion, returning to bicameralism parliamentary systems in Peru has significant implications for its future development as it raises questions about democratic values, governance, accountability, representation, transparency, population growth challenges. It will be crucial to ensure that any changes made are well thought out and based on consultation with civil society groups before implementing them.