The economy of Ireland is expected to grow over the next two years.

According to the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Ireland’s domestic economy is expected to experience solid growth over the next couple of years. The institute anticipates that modified domestic demand (MDD) will increase by 2.3% this year and 2.5% next year, which is a positive sign for the Irish economy. MDD is a measure that removes the influence of multinational companies on Ireland’s economy, and its growth indicates that domestic spending and investment are increasing.

Despite this good news, the Irish economy slowed significantly in 2023 due to higher inflation. The ESRI notes that there was no real growth in pay during 2022 and 2023, which negatively affected households’ living standards. Real pay, which takes into account inflation, is an indicator of changes in living standards, and its stagnation has had a significant impact on households’ purchasing power.

Irish GDP, the primary measure of economic performance, has been heavily distorted by the activities of multinational companies operating in Ireland. Figures show that Irish GDP contracted by 3.2% in 2023 mainly because of reduced sales and exports by US pharmaceutical companies operating in Ireland. This contraction highlights the challenges faced by Ireland’s domestic businesses due to competition from foreign companies with significant resources at their disposal.

However, despite these challenges, the ESRI anticipates Irish GDP to recover in the next two years as global trade picks up. The institute also highlights the importance of addressing infrastructure bottlenecks for Ireland’s economic growth. These bottlenecks mainly involve issues in housebuilding, renewable energy, and public transport. For example, plans for an underground rail link between Dublin Airport and the city center have been in the works for over two decades but are now at the stage of public planning hearings. Dealing with these challenges will be crucial for sustaining economic growth in Ireland in the coming years.

Overall, while there are challenges facing Ireland’s domestic economy due to inflationary pressures and competition from foreign multinationals, there remains reason for optimism about its future prospects if steps are taken to address infrastructure bottlenecks and promote sustainable economic growth policies that support domestic businesses while maintaining international competitiveness.

By Riley Johnson

As a content writer at, I dive into the depths of information to craft compelling stories that captivate and inform readers. With a keen eye for detail and a passion for storytelling, I strive to create engaging content that resonates with our audience. Whether it's breaking news, in-depth features, or thought-provoking opinion pieces, I am dedicated to delivering high-quality, informative content that keeps readers coming back for more. My goal is to bring a fresh perspective to every article I write and to make a meaningful impact through the power of words.

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