A study by a team of researchers has shown that men who experience specific types of job-related stress may be at a higher risk for heart disease compared to those who do not report such stress. The research, which followed over 6,500 white-collar workers for 18 years, identified two conditions that were linked to increased cardiovascular risks: job strain and effort-reward imbalance.
Job strain is characterized by high demands such as heavy workloads and tight deadlines, coupled with low control, such as having little say in decision making. On the other hand, effort-reward imbalance occurs when an individual puts in high effort but receives low salary, recognition or job security in return.
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